Since the beginnings of the Syrian conflict in 2011:
The photograph of 3-year-old Alan Kurdi lying facedown on a beach, drowned after an ill-fated attempt to reach Turkish shores by boat , shocked the world by giving a face and name to those brutalized by the Syrian conflict. The image drew global attention to the refugee crisis and served as an impetus for previously reluctant governments to open their borders to refugees .
As militant groups and the Syrian army engage in civil conflict, civilians are caught in the crossfire. Forced to find refuge beyond their borders, they embark on perilous journeys over land and water to neighboring countries, such as Turkey, Lebanon, and Jordan. Turkey alone has received 3.3 million Syrian refugees . Other parts of Europe have welcomed around 1 million refugees. Germany, the largest recipient, opened its borders to 500,000 between 2011 and 2017 .